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Chapter Two

Part One: Social and Moral Constituents

Social solidarity is the basis of society .

Art.8:   The State shall guarantee equality of opportunity to all Egyptians.
Art.9:   The family is the basis of the society founded on religion, morality and patriotism. The State is keen to preserve the genuine character of the Egyptian family- with all values and traditions represented by it- while affirming and promoting this character in the interplay of relations within the Egyptian society.
Art.11:   The State shall guarantee coordination between woman’s duties towards her family and her work in the society, considering her equal to man in the political, social, cultural and economic spheres without detriment to the rules of Islamic jurisprudence (Sharia).
Art.12:   Society shall be committed to safeguarding and protecting morals, promoting the genuine Egyptian traditions and abiding by the high standards of religious education, moral and national values, the historical heritage of the people, scientific facts, socialist conduct and public manners within the limits of the law. The State is committed to abiding by these principles and promoting them.
Art.13:   Work is a right, a duty and an honour ensured by the State. Distinguished workers shall be worthy of the appreciation of the State and the society. No work shall be imposed on citizens, except by virtue of the law, for the performance of a public service and in return for a fair remuneration.
Art.14:   Citizens are entitled to public offices, which are assigned to those who shall occupy them in the service of people. The State guarantees the protection of public officers in the performance of their duties in safeguarding the interests of the people. They may not be dismissed by other than the disciplinary way except in the cases specified by the law.
Art.15:   War veterans and those injured during wars or because of them , martyrs’ wives and children shall have priority in work opportunities according to the law.
Art.16:   The State shall guarantee cultural, social and health services and shall work to ensure them particularly for villagers in an easy and regular manner in order to raise their standard .
Art.17:   The State shall guarantee social and health insurance services. All citizens shall have the right to pensions in cases of incapacity, unemployment, and old-age in accordance with the law.
Art.18:   Education is a right guaranteed by the State. It is obligatory in the primary stage. The State shall work to extend obligation to other stages. The State shall supervise all branches of education and guarantee the independence of universities and scientific research centers, with a view to linking all this with the requirements of society and production.
Art.19:   Religious education shall be a principal subject in the courses of general education.
Art.20:   Education in the State: Educational institutions shall be free of charge in their various stages.
Art.21:   Combating illiteracy shall be a national duty for which all the people’s capacity shall be mobilized.
Art.22:   The institution of civil titles shall be prohibited.
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